About liver cancer

About Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide in 2018, with about 841,000 new cases.

0 ,000
841,000

new cases diagnosed each year

Liver cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death per year in the world after Lung, Colorectum & Stomach, representing 8.2% of all cancer deaths (782 000 deaths) (1)

8,2%

of all cancer deaths

HCC - Main types
of primary Liver Cancer

There are three main types of primary liver cancer. The most common type is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounting for 75-90% of liver cancers.
Worldwide, approximately 54% of cases can be attributed to Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection  while 31% can be attributed to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, leaving approximately 15% associated with other causes 2.

75 to 90%

hepatocellular
carcinoma (HCC)

54%

attributed to Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection

31%

attributed to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection

Main types
of secondary Liver Cancer

The main types of secondary liver cancer are from:

 Colorectal cancer (the most common)

 Neuroendocrine tumors

 Uveal melanoma

 Breast cancer

The diagnosis
of Liver Cancer

Diagnosis of HCC in cirrhotic patients should be based on non-invasive criteria and/or pathology. In non-cirrhotic patients, diagnosis of HCC should be confirmed by pathology. Non-invasive criteria can only be applied to cirrhotic patients for nodule(s) ≥1 cm, in light of the high pre-test probability and are based on imaging techniques obtained by multiphasic CT, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI or CEUS (2).

1 WHO-cancer today, Source: Globocan 2018
2 EASL-EORTC Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. J. Hepatol. 2018

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